Patricia Campbell "Patty" Hearst, now known as Patricia Campbell Hearst Shaw, is an American newspaper heiress, socialite, actress, kidnap victim, and convicted bank robber. Her kidnapping case is held by many as an example of Stockholm syndrome.
Patty Hearst is the granddaughter of the late publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst, popularly known as the subject of Orson Welles's roman à clef film Citizen Kane. In 1974, Patty Hearst gained notoriety during the waning days of the counterculture era when she was kidnapped by, and later joined, the Symbionese Liberation Army. Apprehended after having taken part in a bank heist with other SLA members, Hearst was imprisoned for almost two years before her sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter. In 2001, she was granted a Presidential pardon by President Bill Clinton in his last official act before leaving office.