Anthony Kiedis is an American singer-songwriter, best known as the vocalist/lyricist of the band Red Hot Chili Peppers. He and bassist Flea are the only members of the group to have appeared on all of the band's studio albums. Kiedis is also an occasional actor, having appeared in F.I.S.T, Point Break, and The Chase. In 2004 he published an autobiography, entitled Scar Tissue. Kiedis spent his youth in Grand Rapids, Michigan with his mother before moving, shortly before his twelfth birthday, to Hollywood to live with his father. While attending Fairfax High School, Kiedis developed close friendships with fellow students Flea and Hillel Slovak, who at the time were members of a band called Anthym. After high school, Kiedis began taking classes at UCLA, but dropped out during the beginning of his sophomore year.
He later received an offer to be the opening act for a local band, and enlisted Flea, Slovak, and drummer Jack Irons to assist. After a show under the name "Tony Flow and the Miraculously Majestic Masters of Mayhem", the band progressed and the line-up eventually became the Red Hot Chili Peppers. He has recorded ten studio albums with the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Kiedis' lyrical style has evolved throughout his career; early recordings discussed topics such as sex and life in Los Angeles, while more recent songs focus on more reflective themes including love, addiction, and loss. Additionally, his vocal style has shifted from rapping to a more melodic technique. He has struggled with drug addiction for the majority of his life and has abstained from drug use since 2000.